Life consistently presents us with challenges and changes and at times this can lead to us feeling stressed. Planning how to manage and cope in various life situations, and finding out which coping skills work best for you, is the key to succeeding with stress rather than experiencing distress. This article contains ideas for coping with stress and also acute emotional crises. Here are some ideas for coping with stress:
- Understand more about stress. This involves recognising your sources of stress and how stress affects you personally. Plan for stressful periods.
- Problem-solve. What is the problem? Be specific and break it down into realistic achievable components. Then set goals on how to deal with each problem. Make sure you include how to begin your plan of action.
- Develop new behavior. If you take on too much or have problems saying no, learn to be assertive. There are plenty of courses at local colleges or you may prefer to see a therapist or coach one on one. Learn to manage your time more effectively and delegate wherever possible! Avoid procrastination. While you are not doing it, you’ll only be spending energy worrying about it.
- Make sure you develop a support network. Deliberately develop good supportive relationships. Ask for help when needed and accept it when offered. You must also be prepared to do the same for others.
- Make time to relax and enjoy yourself. How many of us know we should do more of this but don’t make the time? Set aside time each day to relax and build this into your routine. Develop hobbies and leisure activities that help you to switch off.
Coping Skills for Acute Emotional Distress
- Distraction The aim of this is to limit the time you spend in contact with the emotional stimuli, the things that are causing you to feel emotional. The stimuli could be anything from another person to the thoughts that you are having. Distraction involves doing something else to absorb your attention.
- Imagery Think of safe and soothing images. This involves imagining images that make you feel good. It may be a favorite place, person, pet or scenes from nature.
- Relaxation Learn a simple technique like using peripheral vision to induce relaxation. Peripheral vision is effective at switching on the parasympathetic nervous system, which is the part of the nervous system responsible for making us feel calm. It’s not possible to feel anxious or distressed while fully relaxed in peripheral vision.
- Mindfulness As adults we tend to spend much of our time stuck contemplating what went wrong in the past or what may go wrong in the future. Try and focus on the moment. Perhaps this may involve thinking something like ‘I’m in my house in my favorite chair. I’m warm and comfortable and I have a good book to read’.
- Exercise Physical activity can help to disperse the chemicals released in your body by the stress response. It also releases feel good chemicals known as endorphins.
- Self-soothing Do something to nurture your five senses. Be kind and gentle to yourself.